Memoirs of the Dukes of Urbino, Volume 2 (of 3) / Illustrating the Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy, from 1440 To 1630.

Memoirs of the Dukes of Urbino, Volume 2 (of 3) / Illustrating the Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy, from 1440 To 1630.

Author:
James Dennistoun
Author:
James Dennistoun
Format:
epub
language:
English

%title插图%num
Author: Dennistoun, James, 1803-1855
Renaissance — Italy
Urbino
Dukes of
Nobility — Italy — History
Urbino (Italy)
Memoirs of the Dukes of Urbino, Volume 2 (of 3)
Illustrating the Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy, from 1440 To 1630.

CONTENTS

  PAGE
List of Illustrations of Volume II. ix
Chronological Table of Contents of Volume II. xi

BOOK THIRD
(continued)
OF GUIDOBALDO DI MONTEFELTRO,
THIRD DUKE OF URBINO

CHAPTER XIX
The massacre of Sinigaglia—Death of Alexander VI.—Narrow escape of Cesare Borgia 3
CHAPTER XX
Duke Guidobaldo restored—The Election of Julius II.—The fall of Cesare Borgia—The Duke’s fortunate position—Is made Knight of the Garter—The Pope visits Urbino 23
CHAPTER XXI
The Court of Urbino, its manners and its stars 43
CHAPTER XXII
Emilia Pia—The Cortegiano—Death of Duke Guidobaldo, succeeded by Francesco Maria della Rovere 72

BOOK FOURTH
OF LITERATURE AND ART UNDER THE
DUKES DI MONTEFELTRO AT URBINO

CHAPTER XXIII
The revival of letters in Italy—Influence of the princes—Classical tastes tending to pedantry and paganism—Greek philosophy and its effects—Influence of the Dukes of Urbino 93
CHAPTER XXIV
Count Guidantonio a patron of learned men—Duke Federigo—The Assorditi Academy—Dedications to him—Prose writers of Urbino—Gentile Becci, Bishop of Arezzo—Francesco Venturini—Berni of Gubbio—Polydoro di Vergilio—Vespasiano Filippi—Castiglione—Bembo—Learned ladies 109
CHAPTER XXV
Poetry under the Montefeltri—Sonnets—The Filelfi—Giovanni Sanzi—Porcellio Pandonio—Angelo Galli—Federigo Veterani—Urbani Urbinate—Antonio Rustico—Naldio—Improvisatori—Bernardo Accolti—Serafino d’Aquila—Agostino Staccoli—Early comedies—La Calandra—Corruption of morals—Social position of women 130
CHAPTER XXVI
Mediæval art chiefly religious—Innovations of Naturalism, Classicism, and Paganism—Character and tendencies of Christian painting ill-understood in England—Influence of St. Francis 157
CHAPTER XXVII
The Umbrian School of Painting, its scholars and influence—Fra Angelico da Fiesole—Gentile da Fabriano—Pietro Perugino—Artists at Urbino—Piero della Francesca—Fra Carnevale—Francesco di Giorgio 184
CHAPTER XXVIII
Giovanni Sanzi of Urbino—His son, the immortal Raffaele—Early influences on his mind—Paints at Perugia, Città di Castello, Siena, and Florence—His visits to Urbino, and works there 216
CHAPTER XXIX
Raffaele is called to Rome, and employed upon the Stanze—His frescoes there—His other works—Change in his manner—Compared with Michael Angelo—His death, character, and style 235
CHAPTER XXX
Timoteo Viti—Bramante—Andrea Mantegna—Gian Bellini—Justus of Ghent—Medals of Urbino 254

BOOK FIFTH
OF THE DELLA ROVERE FAMILY

CHAPTER XXXI
Birth and elevation of Sixtus IV.—Genealogy of the della Rovere family—Nepotism of that pontiff—His improvements in Rome—His patronage of letters and arts—His brother Giovanni becomes Lord of Sinigaglia and Prefect of Rome—His beneficent sway—He pillages a papal envoy—Remarkable story of Zizim or Gem—Portrait of Giovanni—The early character and difficulties of Julius II.—Estimate of his pontificate 277

BOOK SIXTH
OF FRANCESCO MARIA DELLA ROVERE,
FOURTH DUKE OF URBINO

CHAPTER XXXII
Youth of Duke Francesco Maria I.—The League of Cambray—His marriage—His first military service—The Cardinal of Pavia’s treachery—Julius II. takes the field 313
CHAPTER XXXIII
The Duke routed at Bologna from the Cardinal of Pavia’s treason, whom he assassinates—He is prosecuted, but finally absolved and reconciled to the Pope—He reduces Bologna—Is invested with Pesaro—Death of Julius II. 334
CHAPTER XXXIV
Election of Leo X.—His ambitious projects—Birth of Prince Guidobaldo of Urbino—The Pontiff’s designs upon that state, which he gives to his nephew—The Duke retires to Mantua 351
CHAPTER XXXV
The Duke returns to his state—His struggle with the usurper—His victory at Montebartolo 372
CHAPTER XXXVI
Continuation of the ruinous contest—The Duke finally abandons it—Death of Lorenzo de’ Medici—Charles V. elected Emperor 391
CHAPTER XXXVII
Death of Leo X.—Restoration of Francesco Maria—He enters the Venetian service—Louis XII. invades the Milanese—Death of Bayard—The Duke’s honourable reception at Venice—Battle of Pavia 411
CHAPTER XXXVIII
New league against Charles V.—The Duke’s campaign in Lombardy—His quarrels with Guicciardini—Rome pillaged by the Colonna—The Constable Bourbon advances into Central Italy—The Duke quells an insurrection at Florence 433

APPENDICES

I. Portraits of Cesare Borgia 459
II. Duke Guidobaldo I. of Urbino, a Knight of the Garter 462
III. Giovanni Sanzi’s MS. Chronicle of Federigo, Duke of Urbino 471
IV. Epitaph of Giovanni della Rovere 480
V. Remission and rehabilitation of Duke Francesco Maria I. in 1512-13 481
VI. Letter from Cardinal Wolsey to Lorenzo de’ Medici 484
Genealogical Tables At end of book

ILLUSTRATIONS

Elisabetta di Montefeltro, Duchess of Urbino. After the picture by Andrea Mantegna in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. (Photo Alinari) Frontispiece
FACING PAGE
Il Castello di Sinigaglia. (Photo Alinari) 10
Pope Julius II. From the picture by Raphael in the Pitti Gallery, Florence. (Photo Anderson) 40
Portrait of a lady, her hair dressed in the manner of the fifteenth century. From the picture by ? Verrocchio in Poldo-Pezzoli Collection, Milan. (Photo Alinari) 44
A lady of the fifteenth century with jewels of the period. (Photo Alinari) 48
Count Baldassare Castiglione. From a picture in the Torlonia Gallery, Rome 50
Hair dressing in the fifteenth century. Detail from the fresco by Pisanello in S. Anastasia of Verona. (Photo Alinari) 54
Cardinal Bembo. From a drawing once in the possession of Cavaliere Agricola in Rome 62
Elisabetta Gonzaga, Duchess of Urbino. From a lead medal by Adriano Fiorentino in the British Museum. By the courtesy of G.F. Hill, Esq. 72
Emilia Pia. From a medal by Adriano Fiorentino in the Vienna Museum. By the courtesy of G.F. Hill, Esq. 72
Hair dressing in the sixteenth century. After a picture by Bissolo. (Photo Alinari) 76
Portrait of a lady in mourning. After the picture by Pordenone in the Dresden Gallery. (Photo R. Tammé) 84
S. Martin and S. Thomas with Guidobaldo, Duke of Urbino, and Bishop Arrivabeni. After the picture by Timoteo Viti in the Duomo of Urbino. (Photo Alinari) 88
Baldassare Castiglione. After the picture by Raphael in the Louvre. 120
Madonna del Belvedere. After the fresco by Ottaviano Nelli in S. Maria Nuova, Gubbio 190
Madonna del Soccorso. After the gonfalone by a pupil of Fiorenzo di Lorenzo in S. Francesco, Montone 196
Raphael, aged six years. From a picture once in the possession of James Dennistoun 216
Raphael. After the portrait by himself in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. (Photo Anderson) 220
Madonna and child. After the picture by Giovanni Santi, in the Pinacoteca of Urbino. (Photo Alinari) 224
Ecce Homo. From the picture by Giovanni Santi in the Palazzo Ducale, Urbino. (Photo Alinari) 226
S. Sebastian. After the picture by Timoteo Viti in the Palazzo Ducale, Urbino. (Photo Alinari) 228
Margherita “La Fornarina.” After the picture by Raphael called La Donna Velata in the Pitti Gallery, Florence. (Photo Alinari) 230
Margherita “La Fornarina.” After the spoiled picture by Raphael in the Galleria Barberini in Rome. (Photo Anderson) 232
The Sposalizio. After the picture by Raphael, once in the Ducal Collection at Urbino, now in the Brera, Milan. (Photo Alinari) 240
Isabella of Aragon. After the picture by Raphael in the Louvre 246
St. Sebastian. From the picture by Timoteo Viti in the Palazzo Ducale, Urbino. (Photo Alinari) 254
Francesco Maria I. della Rovere. After the picture by Titian in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. (From the Ducal Collection.) (Photo Alinari) 314
Venetian wedding-dress in the sixteenth century. After the picture called “La Flora” by Titian in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. (Photo Anderson) 316
Detail of the Urbino Venus. Supposed portrait of Duchess Leonora, from the picture by Titian in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. (Photo Anderson) 320
The girl in the fur-cloak. Possibly a portrait of Duchess Leonora of Urbino. After the picture by Titian in the Imperial Gallery, Vienna. (Photo Franz Hanfstaengl) 324
Duchess of Urbino, either Eleonora or Giulia Varana. After the picture by Titian in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. Painted ca. 1538. (Photo Brogi) 328
Leo X. After the picture by Raphael in the Pitti Gallery, Florence. (Photo Anderson) 352
Lorenzo di Piero de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino. After the picture by Bronzino in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence. (Photo Alinari) 366

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE

CHAPTER XIX

A.D.     PAGE
1502. Dec. Valentino marches against Sinigaglia 3
28. Which surrenders 4
31. Cesare massacres the confederate chiefs 4
1503. Jan. 2. His letter to the authorities at Perugia 6
Feb. 22. Cardinal Orsini poisoned at Rome 8
Jan. Machiavelli’s indifference to the massacre 8
General extinction of moral feeling 10
18. Further murders of the chiefs 11
Valentino in the Val di Chiana 11
Jealousy of Louis XII. 11
State of affairs at Urbino 12
June. Siege of San Leo 13
Relieved by a dexterous stroke 13
  The Pontiff’s wholesale poisonings 15
Aug. 18. To which he fell himself a victim 16
The various accounts of this examined 17
His character 19
Valentino’s narrow escape from the same fate 19
His policy 20
Results of the Pope’s death at Rome 21
Sep. 22. Election of Pius III. 22

CHAPTER XX

1503. Aug. 22. Urbino resumes its allegiance 23
Guidobaldo returns from Venice 23
28. And is welcomed enthusiastically 24
  He joins the other princes in a defensive confederacy 24
  The fortunes of Valentino rally 25
  His wavering conduct 25
  Election of Julius II. 27
  Fatal to Valentino’s prospects 27
Nov. Guidobaldo’s difficult position 28
The Pope’s negotiation with Borgia 29
1504. April. Who escapes to Naples 30
  But is sent prisoner to Spain 30
1507. Mar. 10. His death 31
1503.   Guidobaldo’s fortunate position 31
Nov. 20. Summoned to Rome 32
His favour

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