History of Scotland

History of Scotland

Author:
Margaret MacArthur
Author:
Margaret MacArthur
Format:
epub
language:
English

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Author: MacArthur, Margaret
Scotland — History — Outlines
syllabi
etc.
History of Scotland


FREEMAN’S HISTORICAL COURSE FOR SCHOOLS.

HISTORY
OF
SCOTLAND

BY
MARGARET MACARTHUR.
EDITED BY
Edward A. Freeman, D.C.L.
Edition Adapted for American Students.

NEW YORK
HENRY HOLT AND COMPANY
1874


Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1874, by
HENRY HOLT,
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.


CONTENTS.

PAGE.
CHAPTER I.  
THE GAELIC PERIOD   1
CHAPTER II.
THE ENGLISH PERIOD  19
CHAPTER III.
THE STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE     35
CHAPTER IV.
THE INDEPENDENT KINGDOM  52
CHAPTER V.
THE JAMESES  67
CHAPTER VI.
THE REFORMATION  96
CHAPTER VII.
THE UNION OF THE CROWNS 125
CHAPTER VIII.
AFTER THE UNION 167

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE.

The Gaelic Period.  
  A.D.
Agricola’s Invasion 80
Severus’ Invasion 208
Founding of Dalriada by the Scots   about 503
Founding of Northumberland by Ida 547
Union of Picts and Scots 843
Commendation to Eadward 924
Battle of Brunanburh 937
Battle of Carham 1018
Cnut’s Invasion 1031
Malcolm Canmore King 1057
William’s Invasion 1073
Malcolm slain 1093
The English Period, 1097-1286.
Eadgar 1097
Alexander I. 1107
David 1124
Battle of the Standard 1138
Malcolm IV. 1153
William the Lion 1165
Capture at Alnwick 1174
Treaty of Falaise 1174
Council of Northampton 1176
Treaty with Richard I. 1189
Alexander II. 1214
Border-line fixed 1222
Council at York 1237
Alexander III. 1249
Battle of Largs 1263
Man and the Sudereys annexed 1266
Death of Alexander III. 1286
  The Struggle for Independence, to 1314.
Queen Margaret 1286
Treaty of Brigham 1290
Margaret dies 1290
Council meets at Norham, 3rd June 1291
Judgment given at Berwick, 11th November 1292
John crowned King 1292
Edward’s first Conquest 1296
Rising of Wallace 1297
Surrender at Irvine 1297
Battle of Stirling, 11th September 1297
Battle of Falkirk 1298
Edward’s second Conquest 1303
Capture of Wallace 1305
Robert Bruce crowned King, 27th March 1306
Death of Edward 1307
Battle of Bannockburn, 24th June 1314
The Independent Kingdom, 1314-1424.
Parliament at Cambuskenneth 1326
Peace of Northampton 1328
David II. 1329
Edward Balliol’s Invasion 1332
Battle of Halidon Hill 1333
Capture of David 1346
His release 1347
Invasion of Edward III. 1356
Robert II. 1370
Raid of Otterburn 1388
Robert III. 1390
Fight on North Inch 1396
Invasion of Henry IV. 1400
Battle of Homildon Hill 1402
Capture of the Earl of Carrick 1405
Robert III. dies 1406
Burning of Reseby 1408
St. Andrews University founded 1408
Battle of Harlaw, 24th July 1411
Albany the Regent dies 1419
The Jameses, 1424-1557.
James I. crowned King 1424
Parliament at Inverness 1427
Murder of the King 1436
James II. 1436
Murder of the Douglases 1439
Murder of William, Earl of Douglas 1452
Battle of Arkinholm 1454
The King slain at Roxburgh 1460
James III. 1460
Orkney and Shetland annexed 1469
St. Andrews raised to an Archbishopric 1471
Revolt of Lauder Bridge 1482
Battle of Sauchieburn 1488
James IV. 1488
Marriage of James to Margaret Tudor 1502
Lordship of the Isles broken up 1504
Battle of Flodden, 9th September 1513
James V. 1513
“Erection” of the King 1524
Fall of Angus 1528
Rout at Solway Moss 1542
Mary 1542
Hertford’s first Invasion 1544
Hertford’s second Invasion 1545
Burning of George Wishart 1545
Murder of Beaton 1545
Battle of Pinkie 1547
Mary sails for France 1548
First marriage of Mary, 24th April 1558
The Reformation Period, 1557-1603.
The “First Covenant” signed 1557
Burning of Walter Mill 1558
Religious riots 1559
Treaty of Berwick 1560
Reformation Statutes passed 1560
Return of the Queen 1561
Battle of Corrichie 1562
Second marriage of Mary, 29th July 1565
Murder of Rizzio 1566
Murder of Darnley, 9th February 1567
Third Marriage of Mary, 15th May 1567
Surrender at Carberry, 15th June 1567
Abdication of Mary 1567
James VI. crowned 1567
Battle of Langside, 13th May 1568
Conference at York begins, October 1568
Murder of Murray the Regent 1570
Taking of Dunbarton, 2nd April 1571
Parliament at Stirling, 4th September 1571
Lennox the Regent slain 1571
Episcopacy revived 1572
Death of John Knox, 24th November 1572
Death of Mar the Regent, 24th November 1572
Surrender of Edinburgh Castle 1573
The King rules alone, 4th March 1578
Raid of Ruthven 1581
Death of Mary Stuart, 8th February 1587
Marriage of the King 1590
Abolition of Episcopacy 1592
The Gowrie Plot, 5th August 1600
James becomes King of England 1603
 The Union of the Crowns, 1603-1707.
Fight in Glen Fruin 1604
Restoration of Episcopacy 1606
Visit of the King 1616
Articles of Perth passed 1618
Nova Scotia founded 1621
King James dies 1625
Charles I. 1625
Charles crowned in Scotland 1633
Liturgy Riots 1637
The Covenant renewed 1638
Assembly at Glasgow 1638
Episcopacy abolished 1638
“Trot of Turriff,” May 1639
Pacification of Berwick, June 1639
Invasion of England by the Scots 1640
Treaty of Ripon, begun 1st October 1640
   ”     ”    ”  ended 7th August 1641
Battle of Tippermuir, September 1644
Charles comes to the Scots Camp, 5th May 1645
Battle of Philiphaugh, September 1645
The Scots give up Charles, 8th January 1647
The Surrender at Uttoxeter, 25th August 1648
“Whiggamore’s Raid” 1648
Charles I. beheaded, 30th January 1649
Charles II. proclaimed 1649
Rising and beheading of Montrose 1650
Charles II. arrives in Scotland 1650
Battle of Dunbar, 3rd September 1650
Battle of Worcester, 3rd September 1651
Legislative Union with England 1654
Restoration of Charles II. 1660
Act “Rescissory” passed 1661
Episcopacy re-established 1661
The “Ejection” 1662
The Westland Rising 1666
The Indulgence, June 1669
Murder of Sharp, May 1679
Fight at Drumclog, May 1679
Fight at Bothwell Bridge, June 1679
Sanquhar Declaration, June 1680
Test Act passed 1681
James VII. 1685
Argyle’s Rising 1685
Full Indulgence 1688
James VII. deposed 1688
William and Mary proclaimed 1689
Battle of Killiecrankie, 27th July 1689
Episcopacy abolished 1690
Massacre of Glencoe, 13th February 1691
Charter granted to the Darien Company 1695
Education Act passed 1696
Anne 1701
The Union of the Parliaments 1707
After the Union.
George I. 1714
Jacobite Rising 1715
Malt-tax Riots 1724
Porteous Riot 1736
Jacobite Rising 1745
Battle of Preston-pans, 20th September 1745
Battle of Culloden, 16th April 1746
Highland Society founded 1784
First Steamboat tried 1788
Penal laws against Romanists repealed 1793
Colliers and Salters freed 1799
Reform Bill passed 1832
The Disruption 1843

HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.

CHAPTER I.

THE GAELIC PERIOD.
The country (1)—the people (2)—Roman occupation (3)—English invasion (4)—the Scots (5)—introduction of Christianity (6)—conversion of the Picts (7)—conversion of the English (8)—English conquests (9)—union of Picts and Scots (10)—the Northmen (11)—the Commendation (12)—annexation of Strathclyde (13)—acquisition of Lothian (14)—Cnut’s invasion (15)—Macbeth (16)—English immigration (17)—William’s invasion (18)—Margaret’s reforms (19)—disputed succession (20)—Gaelic period ends (21)—summary (22).
1. The Country.—The northern part of

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